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LITERATURE STUDY | free blogger templates | la ode blog
Kamis, 19 Juli 2007
Error translation in the target language
Human beings acquire most of their human through learning and the capacity for learning makes possible the remarkable differences in the patterns of behavior of humans, as well as their enormous adaptability to change. Few things are so intriguing the development of human behavior. Adult human being is marvelously adaptable, competently functioning persons within a complex society. How they progress to this point from a beginning as highly dependent and relatively incapable infants is a question of great intellectual interest and importance. One part of the answer to this question, to be sure, lies in an understanding of the processes of growth and development, characteristic properties shared by all living things. The other part, relating to a different set of circumstances in the live of the individual, is learning. The human skills, appreciations, and reasoning in all their great variety, as well as human hopes, aspirations, attitudes, and values, are generally recognized to depend for their development largely on the events called learning.
The realization that learning is largely dependent on events in the environment with which the individual interaction enable us to view learning as an occurrence that can be examined more closely and understood more profoundly. Learning is not simply an event that happens naturally; it is also an event that happened under certain observable conditions. Furthermore, these conditions can be altered and controlled; and this leads to the possibility of examining the occurrence of learning by means of the methods of the science. The conditions under which learning takes place can be observed and describe in objective language. Learning is a change in human disposition or capability, which persists over a period of time, and which is not simply ascribable to processes of growth.
In learning a foreign language, translation is something which is casual. Translation is the replacement of textual material in one language (Source Language) by equivalent Textual Material in another language (Target Language) (Catford, 1965:20). Translation is useful as an exercise in through understanding and in the exact rendering of the thoughts expressed in one language into another (Byme, 1983: 95), meanwhile, another definition mentions that translation is: “…a presentation of a text in a language other than that in which it was originally written” (Finlay, 1971: 1). Based on those definitions, it can be inferred that translation is the process of giving meaning of a text from one language to another. So the function of language is as a tool for communicating will come true.
Linguistic Errors may happen in receptive and productive skills, Oral and written skills. The respective skills include reading and listening while productive skills include speaking and writing.
In learning English, Indonesian learners have learned the Indonesian language. And they have been accustomed to speak Indonesian in daily lives. So it may be quite difficult for them when they learn another languages especially English as international language
Error analysis is a type of linguistics that focuses on the errors make. It consists of a comparison between the errors made in the target language/L1 and L2 itself. Errors are something done wrong or conditions of being wrong in belief or conduct (Horby, 1986: 290) Roger Bell (1981: 172) defines errors as sure sign that learner has not mastered the code of the target language. According to Dullay (1982: 139) errors are any deviation from a selected norm of language performance no matter what the characteristics or causes of derivation might be.
posted by Armin Ade @ 01.34  
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